The following functions can be used to access symbol properties.
This function returns the value of the property named property
in symbol’s property list. If there is no such property, it
nil. Thus, there is no distinction between a value of
nil and the absence of the property.
The name property is compared with the existing property names
eq, so any object is a legitimate property.
put for an example.
This function puts value onto symbol’s property list under
the property name property, replacing any previous property value.
put function returns value.
(put 'fly 'verb 'transitive) ⇒'transitive (put 'fly 'noun '(a buzzing little bug)) ⇒ (a buzzing little bug) (get 'fly 'verb) ⇒ transitive (symbol-plist 'fly) ⇒ (verb transitive noun (a buzzing little bug))
This function returns the property list of symbol.
This function sets symbol’s property list to plist. Normally, plist should be a well-formed property list, but this is not enforced. The return value is plist.
(setplist 'foo '(a 1 b (2 3) c nil)) ⇒ (a 1 b (2 3) c nil) (symbol-plist 'foo) ⇒ (a 1 b (2 3) c nil)
For symbols in special obarrays, which are not used for ordinary purposes, it may make sense to use the property list cell in a nonstandard fashion; in fact, the abbrev mechanism does so (see Abbrevs).
You could define
put in terms of
plist-put, as follows:
(defun put (symbol prop value) (setplist symbol (plist-put (symbol-plist symbol) prop value)))
This function is identical to
get, except that if symbol
is the name of a function alias, it looks in the property list of the
symbol naming the actual function. See Defining Functions.